Appendices

This reference covers CQL specification version 3.3.1

Appendix A: CQL Keywords

CQL distinguishes between reserved and non-reserved keywords. Reserved keywords cannot be used as an identifier. They are truly reserved for the language (but one can enclose a reserved keyword by double-quotes to use it as an identifier). Non-reserved keywords, however, only have a specific meaning in a certain context but can be used as identifiers otherwise. The only raison d’être of these non-reserved keywords is convenience: some keyword are non-reserved when it was always easy for the parser to decide whether they were used as keywords or not.

Keyword

Reserved?

ADD

yes

AGGREGATE

no

ALL

no

ALLOW

yes

ALTER

yes

AND

yes

APPLY

yes

AS

no

ASC

yes

ASCII

no

AUTHORIZE

yes

BATCH

yes

BEGIN

yes

BIGINT

no

BLOB

no

BOOLEAN

no

BY

yes

CALLED

no

CLUSTERING

no

COLUMNFAMILY

yes

COMPACT

no

CONTAINS

no

COUNT

no

COUNTER

no

CREATE

yes

CUSTOM

no

DATE

no

DECIMAL

no

DELETE

yes

DESC

yes

DESCRIBE

yes

DISTINCT

no

DOUBLE

no

DROP

yes

ENTRIES

yes

EXECUTE

yes

EXISTS

no

FILTERING

no

FINALFUNC

no

FLOAT

no

FROM

yes

FROZEN

no

FULL

yes

FUNCTION

no

FUNCTIONS

no

GRANT

yes

IF

yes

IN

yes

INDEX

yes

INET

no

INFINITY

yes

INITCOND

no

INPUT

no

INSERT

yes

INT

no

INTO

yes

JSON

no

KEY

no

KEYS

no

KEYSPACE

yes

KEYSPACES

no

LANGUAGE

no

LIMIT

yes

LIST

no

LOGIN

no

MAP

no

MODIFY

yes

NAN

yes

NOLOGIN

no

NORECURSIVE

yes

NOSUPERUSER

no

NOT

yes

NULL

yes

OF

yes

ON

yes

OPTIONS

no

OR

yes

ORDER

yes

PASSWORD

no

PERMISSION

no

PERMISSIONS

no

PRIMARY

yes

RENAME

yes

REPLACE

yes

RETURNS

no

REVOKE

yes

ROLE

no

ROLES

no

SCHEMA

yes

SELECT

yes

SET

yes

SFUNC

no

SMALLINT

no

STATIC

no

STORAGE

no

STYPE

no

SUPERUSER

no

TABLE

yes

TEXT

no

TIME

no

TIMESTAMP

no

TIMEUUID

no

TINYINT

no

TO

yes

TOKEN

yes

TRIGGER

no

TRUNCATE

yes

TTL

no

TUPLE

no

TYPE

no

UNLOGGED

yes

UPDATE

yes

USE

yes

USER

no

USERS

no

USING

yes

UUID

no

VALUES

no

VARCHAR

no

VARINT

no

WHERE

yes

WITH

yes

WRITETIME

no

Appendix B: CQL Reserved Types

The following type names are not currently used by CQL but are reserved for potential future use. User-defined types may not use reserved type names as their name.

type

bitstring

byte

complex

enum

interval

macaddr

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